Carr ( 2004 ) demonstrated a structure to have conceptualizing the different elements of SWB within one or two account. First, the newest intellectual parts, we.elizabeth. the newest satisfaction having worry about, family members, fellow class, wellness, finances, performs, and relaxation. Next, new affective parts, we.age. the good connect with: pleasure, elation, ecstasy, pleasure, affection, joy, and you may pleasure, and the negative connect with: despair, depression, envy, frustration, be concerned, guilt or guilt, and nervousness (p. 12). Nonetheless, some writers purchased the three terms (SWB, contentment, and you can pleasure that have lifestyle) interchangeably (Diener, Lucas, & Oishi, 2002 ; Lyubomirsky, 2001 ).
Several research has recommended a positive dating between delight, wellness, and you can religiosity (elizabeth
Hahah was constructed to tap a certain facet of WB related in order to well being, that is, adherence so you’re able to, and you may grasping at, lifetime. Subsequent, it absolutely was built to become reverse from existence hatred otherwise antipathy, while the self-destructive ideations. Lol try recognized as an usually positive esteem toward an individual’s individual lifetime, a liking for this, and you can pleasurable accessory so you can it. The brand new Hahah measure is notably correlated which have glee, optimism, self-regard, hope, fulfillment with lifetime, and extraversion, just as much as since same correlation between joy and you can pleasure which have lives.
Exactly what are the details that correlate which have, and predict pleasure? Other answers was in fact suggested. More recently, Myers ( 2000 ) learned that ages, intercourse, and money offered couple clues to delight, whereas personality traits, religious faith, relationships, and social help seemed to be the best predictors from joy. In a similar vein, Abdel-Khalek and Lester ( 2010 ) found to understand more about the non-public, societal, and character correlates of joy. It found that personality traits starred the greater amount of important part for the choosing happiness.
Within this analysis, joy try reviewed into the Oxford Joy Directory (OHI), together with mind-get size out-of pleasure (see the Means point). Future health and psychological state are thought to get among very first portion or correlates of happiness and you may SWB. Fitness ‘s the strongest predictor of WB in both young and you may more mature populations. You to definitely meta-investigation for the WB and you may fitness revealed an everyday relationship around 0.thirty-two, and you will correlations was in fact such as for instance strong among people (Koenig, King, & Carson, 2012 ). Thus, WB is the self-confident edge of mental health. In the modern research, physical https://kissbrides.com/no/tadsjikistan-kvinner/ health and you will psychological state had been analyzed with a couple separate mind-get scales.
The eye in studying the mental areas of faith extends back over a century (Galton, 1872 ; Hall, 1882 , 1904 ; James, ; Starbuck, 1899 ). The last few years have experienced fast growth and you may boost in brand new therapy regarding faith (age.g. Al-Issa, 2000 ; Argyle, 2000 ; Emmons & Paloutzian, 2003 ; Loewenthal, 2000 ; Pargament, 1997 ; Spilka, Bonnet, Hunsberger, & Gorsuch, 2003 ; Wulff, 1997 ). grams. Chatters, 2000 ; Ellison, 1991 ; Ferriss, 2002 ; Koenig, 1997 , 2004 ; Larson & Larson, 1994 ; Levin & Chatters, 1998 ; Maselko & Kubansky, 2006 ; Miller & Thoresen, 2003 ; Rew & Wong, 2006 ; Soydemir, Bastida, & Gonzalez, 2004 ; Swinyard, Kau, & Phua, 2001 ).
Myers and you may Diener ( 1995 ) learned that greatest clues to help you WB originated in once you understand regarding good person’s attributes, intimate relationship, really works experience, culture, and you can religiosity
Many reports claimed confident organization ranging from religiosity and you will one another physical health and you may mental health (Mueller, Plevac, & Rummans, 2001 ; Powell, Shahabi, & Thoresen, 2003 ; Thoresen, 1998 ; Veenhoven, 2008 ; Wallace & Williams, 1997 ; Wong, Rew, & Slaikeu, 2006 ). Most other studies hypothesized physical routes and you can psychological components working in religiosity and you will fitness (Seeman, Dubin, & Seeman, 2003 ; Seybold, 2007 ).